Hydroelectric Power: Advantages of Production and Usage
May 31, · Hydroelectric energy, also called hydroelectric power or hydroelectricity, is a form of energy that harnesses the power of water in motion—such as water flowing over a waterfall—to generate electricity. People have used this force for millennia. Jun 01, · Hydropower is energy in moving water People have a long history of using the force of water flowing in streams and rivers to produce mechanical energy. Hydropower was one of the first sources of energy used for electricity generation, and until , hydropower was the largest source of total annual U.S. renewable electricity generation.
Hydroelectric power HEPor hydroelectricity, is electrical power that is generated through the energy of flowing hydroelevtricity. It has the advantage of using only renewable resources, and not producing harmful waste or byproducts, and is therefore viewed by many as an environmentally friendly alternative to the burning of hydroelecricity fuels that still provides the bulk of the electricity consumed throughout the hyrroelectricity. HEP schemes, however, often meet with considerable opposition on the grounds that they cause major environmental problems of their own.
People have been harnessing the energy of moving water for centuries. In Ancient Greece and China, waterwheels were installed in rapidly flowing rivers to turn millstones and other equipment, and they continue to be used today in some parts of the world. In effect, these devices are using gravityas water flows from a higher to a lower area. Hydroelectric power plants rely on the same basic principle, but instead of using the kinetic energy directly, the force of the water drives a turbine which in turn powers a generator, producing electricity which can be used on-site or transported to other regions.
As with other turbine-powered methods of generating electricity, magnets in the turbine move relative to static conductors. This results in an electrical current flowing through the conductors.
There are a number of different designs for hydroelectric power plants, but the most common one involves constructing a large dam across a lake at a relatively high elevation to form a reservoir of water, and allowing water to flow from it, in a controlled way, downhill to the generator, which is located at a lower elevation. Dhat flow of water can be maximized at periods of high demand for electricity, and reduced when demand is lower.
In most cases, the water is replenished by rainfall, but some power plants may use excess electricity to how to write viral blog posts water back up to the reservoir at times of low demand. The main advantages of hydroelectric power are that it is clean and renewable.
Since it does not involve the burning of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and natural gasit does not produce any emissions of harmful pollutants such as soot and sulfur dioxide.
It has how to upload image in codeigniter with database advantage over nuclear power that it does not generate dangerous waste products that present long-term disposal problems. HEP is also renewable, in that it does not use a resource that is limited. While coal, oil, natural gas, and even, eventually, hydroelecticity, will run out, water what is hydroelectricity used for today inexhaustible.
Once the power station has been built, the water it requires is available at no cost, in contrast to the fuels that have to be extracted from the ground. The supply of water is continually renewed in most areas by rainfall, which in effect means that the Sun is providing the energy, as its heat evaporates water from the surface that falls as rain. Although HEP is clean and renewable, it is not necessarily environmentally friendly.
Large-scale projects capable of providing significant amounts of electricity usually require the damming of lakes or what is sisal rope made from, with consequent flooding of large areas of land.
This can result in people being displaced, and destruction of habitats. Drastic alterations to the flows of rivers can also have a profound impact on wildlife, ecosystems and, in some cases, agriculture. Migrating fish, such as salmon, may have their routes blocked by dams, although this can be mitigated by installing a fish ladder — a series of steps that fish are todxy to negotiate. The locations that are most suitable for hydroelectric power schemes are often of great scenic beauty, and may lose some of their value due to new roads, pylons, and other constructions associated with an HEP project.
Some projects have had unintended consequences. For example, the Aswan dam in Egypt, which was very successful in providing hydtoelectricity, also controlled the annual flooding of the river Nile downstream. This was at first thought to be another advantage, but the floods had been laden with nutrient-rich silt which made it possible to farm along the Nile, and once the dam was installed, all of that silt tofay uselessly in the reservoir, depriving the land downstream of necessary nutrients.
Another possible problem, according to some studies, is that decaying vegetation in areas flooded to provide HEP how to get out of darkfall cave give off significant amounts of carbon dioxide, offsetting the advantages of clean power generation. Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a wiseGEEK researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.
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May 13, · Today, hydropower provides about 16 percent of the world's electricity, generating power in all but two U.S. states. Hydropower became an electricity source in the late 19th century, a . Hydropower has been around for centuries, used to turn millwheels or drive early industrial machinery, but in modern use it typically refers to electrical generation. Today hydropower generates more electricity in the United States than any other renewable energy source, and the Department of Energy's Wind and Water Power Program promotes and accelerates its use throughout the country. Apr 27, · Hydropower is one of the oldest power sources on the planet, generating power when flowing water spins a wheel or turbine. It was used by farmers as far back as ancient Greece for mechanical tasks like grinding grain. Hydropower is also a renewable energy source and produces no air pollution or toxic byproducts.
According to National Geographic, hydroelectric power is used to power homes, offices, factories, hospitals and schools. It is also one of the first methods developing countries use to bring affordable electricity to rural areas. According to National Geographic, hydroelectric power is harnessing the energy from flowing water. In order to do this, the water must be controlled.
To control the water, a reservoir is created, usually with the building of a dam. The water is then channeled through tunnels in the dam, where it causes turbines to turn. When the turbines turn, they make the generators move, which produces electricity. Also according to National Geographic, hydroelectricity helps improve hygiene, education and employment opportunities for a community. The United States depended on hydroelectric energy to first bring electricity to many rural or poor areas during the s.
Dams were a large part of the New Deal government programs during the Great Depression. Despite its benefits, hydroelectric power can come at a cost. The dams required for hydroelectric energy create reservoirs that flood entire valleys, often forcing homes, communities and towns to be relocated.
One example is the Three Gorges Dam in China. The dam offers safe, affordable electricity to millions of people, and provided more than a quarter of a million jobs during its construction, but the project also forced more than a million people to relocate. More From Reference. What Is Aristocracy?
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