Cholesterol: keeping your levels in check
LDL cholesterol (U.S. and some other countries) LDL cholesterol (Canada and most of Europe) Below mg/dL: Below mmol/L: Ideal: mg/dL: mmol/L: Near ideal: mg/dL: mmol/L: Borderline high: mg/dL: mmol/L: High: mg/dL and above: Above mmol/L: Very high. Health Canada suggests the following as guidelines for cholesterol levels: Total cholesterol: less than millimoles per litre (mmol/L) Is ideal and more than mmol/L is considered high.
What do these cholesterol values mean, and what do the results of the cholesterol blood test tell you? If you have a hard time understanding cholesterol and the cholesterol chartnever fear. By the time you finish reading this page, you will know exactly what all the cholesterol numbers really mean.
Before we can get down to brass tacks and learn about what the cholesterol numbers really mean, you have to understand what cholesterol is in the first place.
Many people have the misguided idea that cholesterol is all bad, but the truth is that cholesterol is needed by your body. Serum cholesterol is produced in your liver, and dietary cholesterol is consumed in the stuff you eat. Your body uses both types of cholesterol to balance out the cholesterol levels in your body, which helps your body to work well. As mentioned above, cholesterol is needed by the body to function properly, but it what date does ramadan start in 2013 when the cholesterol gets out of control that problems start to arise.
Imagine using a piece of gristle or meat to oil your engine rather than regular oil, and you can get an idea of what happens when your cholesterol levels get too high.
Your heart actually has nothing to do with the production of cholesterol, but it is responsible for circulating the serum cholesterol through your body via your bloodstream. When all goes well, your heart is happy to do its job with no complications, and you are one healthy and happy camper thanks to the cholesterol keeping your bodily functions working properly.
HDL cholesterol works to get rid of any bad cholesterol, as it transports it back to the liver and shunts it right out of the body. LDL cholesterol may cause problems, and this is the type of cholesterol that you want to watch out for.
Few how to make tomato sauce for meatballs remember that this is a dangerous kind of cholesterol as well. However, if the LDL cholesterol level or the triglycerides level gets out of control, the total cholesterol level in your body goes up.
High total cholesterol numbers lead to dangers, and the HDL cholesterol is unable to get rid of all the what is science definition for kids cholesterol on its own.
Sometimes the cholesterol sticks to the walls of the arteries, and it hardens into plaque. How to stop puking when pregnant plaque can crack the walls of the arteries, which can cause serious bleeding and clots.
Not enough blood means the muscles in the area are not getting enough oxygen, meaning that the muscles begin to die. If those muscles happen to be either the heart or the brain, you are in serious trouble. There is the cholesterol chart that will help you to determine what levels your cholesterol is at see below for more information on this chartand there is the cholesterol food content chart that will help you to find out just how much cholesterol is in everything you eat.
By studying the food cholesterol chart, you can learn which foods are good for you. Remember that your daily dose of dietary cholesterol should be less than milligrams if you are perfectly healthy, or milligrams if you have high how to develop a vision statement. By reading the chart, you can determine just how much cholesterol each food item contains, thus helping you to know which foods to eat and which to avoid.
These are a few examples of items on the food cholesterol chart, and there are many more food items that you would do how to tone your thighs and stomach to study up on. This way, you can know exactly how much cholesterol you are getting in your diet, and can take steps to control your dietary cholesterol intake in order to keep your total cholesterol levels low. The thing that causes cholesterol to be present in your food is fat, the greasy, delicious thing that makes how to get real estate license az, beef steak, and sausage so tempting and so terrible for your cholesterol levels.
Just enough fat helps to oil the gears smoothly, but too much fat makes it impossible for the body to digest everything. The unhealthy fats like trans fats and saturated fats go straight to your arteries, and you will create a lot of cholesterol by consuming these fats. Sugar can also cause cholesterol in food, as the sugar is converted by the body to fat before anything else is.
Those that eat lots of foods that are high in fat are guaranteed to be the ones that have the highest cholesterol levels, as those foods are being converted directly into cholesterol. The lipids in the fats combine with protein particles to produce lipoproteins the last L in LDL or HDLand thus they are turned into cholesterol what does mars name mean the body.
If you read a normal cholesterol level chart, you will find that there is a certain cholesterol range that you need to stick to in order to be considered healthy. If your cholesterol numbers are too high and go above that range, the chance of heart problems ranges from mildly dangerous to somewhere equaling a nuclear bomb exploding inside your chest.
It may be hard to understand all the cholesterol numbers on the chart, so here is a breakdown of what the good cholesterol ratio should be, as well as what it means to have a dangerous cholesterol range on your LDL HDL cholesterol chart:.
When you go in for the cholesterol blood test, your doctor takes a sample of your blood and tests it to find out how high your HDL cholesterol is. Your doctor will take individual readings of each type of cholesterol, but will also take a total cholesterol reading to be sure that he knows what your total cholesterol levels are.
Obviously some of this is over-dramatized all in fun of coursebut now you know what the cholesterol numbers mean. The fact of the matter is that keeping your cholesterol levels how to read cholesterol numbers in canada control is important, so you are doing the right thing by making the decision to keep your cholesterol levels in check.
Here are a few tips to help you get your cholesterol values balanced so you can pass the nest cholesterol blood test with flying colors:. Those that are very overweight have usually been eating too much fat and sugar, so they will likely have high cholesterol. If you want to control your cholesterol, you would be well advised to lose weight and get in shape. Get up off your couch, get out of your house, and start doing something that will get your heart pumping and your fat burning.
You can improve your overall health and attractiveness by quitting cigarettes, and the effect on your cholesterol levels will be visible immediately. Most people love a good drink now and then, but many people find that now and then it is more than two or three times a day. In order to be healthy, cut back on drinking until you are having no more than one drink a day, and you will see your HDL production go way up. The diet you follow has a lot to do with both your weight and your cholesterol levels, and eating right is very important in order to maintain good cholesterol levels.
There are many diets that you can try, such as the TLC diet that is recommended by the AHA as the best diet to help you keep your heart healthy. Sure no one wants to take medications, but you may find that very high cholesterol numbers will force you to take some meds or supplements.
Try and go the natural route whenever possible, but you may end up taking some medications to help control your very high cholesterol if you have a history of heart disorders.
These are just a few things you can do, and you would be wise to check out some of the other pages on this site in order to know how to control your cholesterol naturally and easily. Now that you know about cholesterol numbers, you need to realize that the cholesterol blood test is one of the most important tests you can run. A cholesterol monitor will ensure that you can track your LDL and HDL cholesterol to keep them both in good balance, which will help keep you healthy.
Your heart needs to be taken care of if you want to live a long and happy life, and the cholesterol numbers you get from a cholesterol blood test will tell you everything you need to know about how to give your heart the attention it needs. Go to the top of this article about Cholesterol Numbers. Go to the homepage Cholesterol Lowering Foods. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of what is comprehensive sickness insurance website.
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* To convert from Canadian units (mmol/L) to American ones (mg/dL), multiply Canadian values by to get American values. To convert the other way, divide the American values by to get the Canadian values. The ratio of HDL to LDL represents the ratio of good cholesterol to bad cholesterol. This ratio is calculated by dividing the LDL cholesterol with the HDL cholesterol. A ratio of is regarded as normal and healthy. The better the ratio, the lesser will be the chances of heart-related diseases. Guide to Understanding Cholesterol Numbers, the Healthy Cholesterol Ratio and How to Read a Cholesterol Chart It can be hard to understand the cholesterol numbers on the cholesterol food chart, much less what your doctor is saying when he tells you, “Your total cholesterol is , your HDL is 35, your LDL is , and your triglycerides are.
This article was published more than 10 years ago. Some information in it may no longer be current. For example, in the U. How does one compare these readings? And what is a healthy level of cholesterol? That's correct - American and Canadian health-care systems use different units to measure cholesterol. To avoid confusion, I recommend, when possible, to refer to only Canadian websites about cholesterol.
It is also important, especially if you surf the Internet for health information, to understand that there is not just one desirable level of cholesterol for everyone. In other words, it depends on your own circumstances. Cholesterol is one of the major risk factors of heart disease.
Your family physician will assess all the factors that may affect your risk to determine your individual cholesterol targets. In addition to one's cholesterol readings, doctors will also consider blood pressure and smoking status.
The doctor will plug these risk factors into the Framingham calculator - a risk stratification tool commonly used by physicians and recommended by the Canadian Cardiovascular Society based on research evidence. This calculation, in conjunction with other factors such as diabetes diagnosis and family history, determines whether an individual's year risk of heart disease is low, intermediate or high.
Based on this assessment, your physician will help to reduce your risk of heart disease by setting your ideal target cholesterol readings - bad cholesterol as well as the ratio of total cholesterol to HDL high-density lipoprotein, also referred to as good cholesterol. Low-density lipoprotein LDL is the bad cholesterol and too much can build up plaque in the walls of the arteries that feed the heart and brain. This increases the risk of a heart attack or stroke.
Exercise is the most efficient and reliable means to build up your HDL. Now, for the specifics: If you are at high risk of heart disease, the target LDL is less than 2 and the target ratio of total cholesterol to HDL is less than 4. For an individual at intermediate risk, it is recommended to have a LDL reading of less than 3.
And if you are at low risk, aim for a LDL reading below 5 and a ratio of less than 6. Your cholesterol level, unlike your family history, is a heart-disease-risk factor you can control through lifestyle changes. You don't have to do it alone. Your family doctor can help to tailor a plan to meet your cholesterol targets. Plans differ from patient to patient, but the common theme is a healthy diet and regular exercise.
A good rule of thumb is to incorporate foods into your diet that are low in fat and high in fibre, with a focus on fruits, vegetables and omega-3 fatty acids.
As well, make minutes of cardiovascular exercise part of your routine each week. In certain cases, doctors will also recommend medications to help bring cholesterol levels to the desirable targets. The Canadian Cardiovascular Society suggests that men over 40 and women over 50 have their cholesterol profile measured every one to three years.
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