Common Colds: Protect Yourself and Others
Jan 01, · Prevent Colds With Frequent Hand Washing. Your best protection from the common cold and flu is frequent hand washing. The simple friction that . Oct 07, · If you have a cold, you should follow these tips to help prevent spreading it to other people: Stay at home while you are sick and keep children out of school or daycare while they are sick. Avoid close contact with others, such as hugging, kissing, or shaking hands. Move away from people before coughing or sneezing.
Last Updated: April 8, References. This article was medically reviewed by Julia Bowlin, MD. She has over 25 years of practicing experience. There are 31 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.
This article has been viewed 91, times. From the runny nose and irritating cough to the sore throat and fever or worsea case of the common cold how to whiten neck fast sure to make your life miserable for ubuntu how to mount usb few days.
The worst part is that, in a month, it can happen all over again. Ot strategies to prevent the common cold and stay healthy year-round. To protect yourself from now a cold, wash your hands frequently with soap and warm water. In addition to practicing good hygiene, you can keep yourself safe by staying away from sick people. Finally, if you have kids, make sure they wash their hands frequently.
Tips and Warnings. Related Articles. Article Summary. Method 1 of Wash your hands frequently. Washing your hands in the most preventable way of contracting the cold or flu virus. Scrub your hands with soap and water before eating, and before and after using the bathroom. What is the meaning of meena in hindi soap to your hands. Rub your hands to lather yo together.
Scrub everywhere. Do not forget to scrub under your fingernails, between your fingers, and the backs of your hands. Scrub for at least 20 seconds. Rinse your hands with clean water. Shut off the tap with a paper towel so you do not contaminate your hands again. Use a paper towel to open the prevennt of a public bathroom.
Washing your hands is the best way to keep them clean. Keep your hands away from your ckld. Don't rub your eyes, nostrils, or ears if your hands aren't clean. Spreading germs from your hands to your face can lead to infection. Method 2 of Keep your distance from other people. Try to keep at least 2 feet 0.
A cold virus can be contagious for up to 2 weeks. If a friend has a fever with cold symptoms, he is more than likely contagious. Even if your friend says he feels better, he might still share the virus with you. If someone is on antibiotics for his cold, he can still spread the virus. Antibiotics do not treat the viral infection.
Do not share cups, straws or other personal items. The preven virus can be dormant for 24 to 72 hours before symptoms begin. Limit your exposure at places like airports and malls. Places where there are a lot of people are going to have more cold germs. If you are concerned about getting sick, stay away from these types of places as much as you can. Remind your kids to wash their hands. While you may do everything you can to prevent getting a cold, you may still risk exposure if your kids get sick.
Young kids are prone to catching colds from school or daycare. Reminding your kids about hand-washing may reduce the prevenr of them getting sick too. Method 3 of Eat lots of fruits and vegetables. While hygiene is the most important, eating a variety of healthy foods will do your body good.
Feed your body nutrient-rich foods and cut down on sugar, processed and fried foods. Go to source A healthier diet does provide nutrition that can help your immune system fight off infections. For example, t cannot eat a bowl of strawberries, not wash your hands all day, and then expect to be healthy. Doing a combination of many strategies will be most helpful in preventing colds.
Eat yogurt to help boost your good bacteria in your gut. Yogurt is part of a healthy now. Yogurt contains good bacteria, called probiotics, which helps fight infection. Go to source. Eat foods to boost immunity. Many foods have key vitamins or antioxidants which are helpful in fighting off infection. Eat an orange each day or drink a cup of orange juice to get a good amount of Vitamin C. Apples: These have an antioxidant effect. Papayas: These have a ton of Vitamin C. Grapefruit: These have a lot of vitamin C in them, plus other great nutrients, such as cancer fighters.
Fish: This helps by fighting inflammation associated with colds. Eat deep water fatty fish such as wild salmon, mackerel, and whitefish. How to prevent a cold This has antioxidant properties that help fight a cold. Red peppers: These have even more Vitamin C than oranges.
Milk: This is a good choice because of its Vitamin D content. Drink lots of water. Keep yourself from getting dehydrated. Men should consume 13 eight-ounce servings of fluids per day and women should drink about 9 eight-ounce servings of fluids per day. This counts both water and fluids you've consumed through food. Gargle tap water. Water is generally good for you, and hos Japanese study showed that gargling plain tap water could prevent a cold.
Method 4 of Take a daily how to prevent a cold. Vitamins will help you fight off colds by supporting your immune system. Getting extra vitamins has not been proven to prevent colds, but it will likely shorten the duration of a cold if you do get one. Taking too much of extra vitamins has the potential to make you sick. Increase your intake of Vitamin C. Vitamin C will help your body fight off a cold. Aim to get about milligrams of vitamin C per day.
Get Vitamin D every day. Low vitamin D levels have been linked to higher risk for infection. We make vitamin D when our skin is exposed to sunlight. Just 15 minutes of sun, or half the time it takes for your arms and face to become pink from the sun, is enough to what awards did martin luther king win the immune system. If you spend more than 15 minutes in the sun, be sure to wear sunscreen.
Some experts believe that you can still get the vitamin D benefits from the sunlight even when you protect your skin.
1. Crank up the humidifier.
A runny nose , sore throat , cough, congestion, mild body aches and headaches, sneezing, and a low-grade fever can leave you feeling exhausted before your symptoms start to clear up. Not to mention, a cold can feel a lot like COVID , the respiratory illness caused by the novel coronavirus. But a true cold is typically harmless, even though it can take up to two weeks to start feeling better, explains Deborah S. Clements, M.
The best thing you can do to feel healthy during the colder months? Stop a cold from taking over your body in the first place. In fact, there are a bevy of ways you can prevent colds and shorten their length. Low humidity dries out your nasal passages, making it harder to trap and eliminate the micro-bugs that settle in your sinuses, eventually leading to a cold. The fix?
Invest in a humidifier and keep it running when the air starts to feel dry. Currently, the National Institutes of Health NIH suggest that most adults aim for at least IUs per day, but some organizations recommend much more than that. In fact, one small study found that the participants touched their face an average 16 times per hour. So, maintain a hands-off policy.
Use soap and scrub for at least 20 seconds get between your fingers and underneath your nails! Think of all the places you put your phone down during the day: the kitchen counter, a bathroom stall, your restaurant table—talk about a germ-fest. In fact, a University of Arizona study found that cell phones may carry 10 times the amount of bacteria than toilet seats.
To disinfect your devices, Apple suggests using a Lysol or Clorox disinfecting wipe. Keep in mind that while bleach is great for banishing viruses, products containing the substance might damage your phone. If you have a hard time finding cleaning wipes near you, follow this guide on how to disinfect your phone using rubbing alcohol.
Feeling on edge? So make winding down a priority: Take up yoga , try meditation , go for a daily stroll through nature, or prioritize some time after work to make dinner with your family—anything that helps you shake off a long day will help. A good snooze is key when it comes to preventing colds. In one JAMA Internal Medicine study , researchers gave healthy men and women nasal drops containing rhinovirus and tracked their sleep habits.
They found that people who regularly got less than seven hours of sleep were three times more likely to come down with a cold than those who slept eight hours or more each night. The National Sleep Foundation recommends aiming for at least 7 to 9 hours per night. Check out these ways to sleep better every night.
Research suggests that zinc can actually decrease the growth of viruses, says Dr. Plus, taking zinc typically in the form of zinc lozenges or zinc gluconate nasal sprays seems to reduce the duration and severity of symptoms right after they come on, according to the NIH. The NIH suggests most adults needs much less than that to meet their daily needs, so just go for foods rich in zinc, rather than a supplement unless you talk to your doc about it first. Meat, tofu, oysters, and lentils are all great sources of the mineral.
And be extra careful when it comes to sharing objects that can get contaminated by a family member who is sick, especially amid COVID, such as telephones, towels, or utensils. Not all bacteria are bad—the good kind of bugs in your gut, found in probiotic foods like yogurt, sauerkraut, and kombucha , might help support your immune system. After all, a large portion of your immune system can be found right in your gastrointestinal GI tract.
One study published in the Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport actually found that rugby players who took a probiotic supplement experienced far fewer colds and GI infections than those who popped a placebo. More research needs to be done to confirm that probiotics can truly keep viruses away, but studies suggest that the good bugs seem to be beneficial when symptoms hit, too. For instance, in a study published in the British Journal of Nutrition , researchers found that even though college students taking probiotics or a placebo caught colds at a similar rate, those taking probiotics experienced less intense symptoms like a stuffy nose or sore throat for a shorter amount of time.
You should be doing this anyway, per recommendations from the CDC. Wearing a face mask is one of the most effective ways to prevent the spread of COVID, as well as other respiratory infections like a cold. Not only does it protect those around you, but research shows that a face mask helps protect the wearer , too. Viruses, including those that cause a cold, flu, or COVID, typically spread from an infected person to others through the air after a cough or sneeze. When everyone wears a mask, we protect one another from our potentially infected respiratory droplets.
While the cold and flu are caused by very different viruses, they can feel awfully similar when it comes to symptoms. However, the flu will hit you harder and can have risky complications, especially if you already have a weakened immune system.
The best thing you can do to protect yourself is to get the flu shot every year , since the circulating viruses constantly change. The CDC recommends getting the flu shot or nasal spray as soon as the vaccine is available, ideally before October. If you do happen to have a confirmed case of coronavirus rather than a cold, your doctor will guide you on next best steps depending on the severity of your symptoms.
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