To create this article, 24 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. This article has been viewed 94, times. Learn more Driving a steam locomotive requires years of practice and apprenticeship, along with knowledge of the route.
For those who might sit in the engineer's seat of a museum steam engine, and wonder what they actually did to run it, here's what you'd locoomtive had to do. Grab the whistle cord and read on to get her moving and stopped when the trip is over, keeping the mighty beast on track. Log in Social how to operate a locomotive does not work in incognito and private browsers. Please log in with your username or email to continue.
Open the cylinder cocks - find a medium size valve in front of you on the boiler, or a locomotivve lever on the floor in front of you. Turn the valve all the way clockwise, or pull the lever back. Turn the front headlight on - above you on the ceiling, there will be a large, flat, half-round box or on the side of the cab wall.
Slide the knob on the round side of the box all the way to front. Blow the whistle code for forward movement - there will be either a cable, cables or whistle handles, above your head or in front of you on the boiler.
Quickly pull down on the locomoyive or push the lever twice in quick succession to make the steam whistle sound out two short blasts. Release the engine brakes - two brass horizontal levers will be near your left hand.
The top one must be moved from right to left to release the brakes on the engine. Open the throttle to start the engine moving - the very long lever close to your face and hanging from the cab roof is the throttle. Grip it firmly and give it a yank towards you.
As you feel the engine move slightly, shove it back locpmotive most of the way, so that it does not gather speed too fast. Gradually open throttle as the locomotive approaches track speed. Observe cylinder cock exhaust locomotivf close them when how to use an enlarger steam is emitted. Move the Johnson bar slowly back toward vertical, but never too close to vertical.
This is like the gear shift of your car and admits less steam per cylinder stroke. In turn, this increases the efficiency of steam ,ocomotive so you don't over work the fireman throwing coal into the fire and to conserve fuel and water!
If the locomotive's wheels slip, close throttle most of the way immediately. Allowing the wheels to slip will not render any tractive effort and will damage the locomotive's driving powered wheels if done continuously also "tears" holes in a coal fired locomotive, or in an oil burning locomotive, can cause hollow booms much like an explosion.
Wheelslip, as it's called, may cause excess damage if allowed for too long. This includes damage to the firebox itself, which may or may not result in the locomotive exploding.
Blow the whistle at level crossings and before entering tunnels. If you see a whistle post sign, give the whistle a long blast and start ringing the bell. Then give another opreate blast. Wait a few seconds, and give a shorter blast. Once the train is nearly in the crossing, blow the whistle continuously until the locomotive has entered lpcomotive crossing.
This is the same whistling pattern required when entering tunnels or other locations where railroad employees may be working. Do not exceed the speed limit. That is very dangerous, as derailments due to excess speed may occur, even on straight track. This too can cause boiler explosions. See the Wreck of the Old 97 for example. The Wreck of the Old 97 was a rail disaster incaused by excessive speed, it resulted in the train being catastrophically derailed off a bridge which killed 11 and injured 7.
Yes No. Not Helpful 2 Helpful That all depends on when the operator is informed, or sees said car. Trains can take yow to a mile to stop, if the car is demolished, and less than a mile notice of said car.
Given a notice within miles of the car on the tracks, it should be able to stop. If your car stalls on a train track, leave your vehicle, and call Not Helpful 0 Helpful 3. No, the engineer is in the very first car, the locomotive. If there is another in the rear, to help the lead locomotive, there is probably another engineer there.
They, however, would not be driving, only maintaining the amount of force required by the extra power needed to how to be a romantic guy the train forward. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 2. The training requirements for railroad engineers are: Railroad engineers typically begin as brakemen or conductors and earn promotion through experience and training.
Candidates for advancement how to hang animal skin on wall an engineer position must be 21 or older, have a high school diploma and complete an engineer training program. Most railroads offer federally-approved training programs that combine on-the-job and classroom instruction. Candidates may also seek formal education through a professional organization or community college which offers an associate's degree or certificate in railroad operations.
Depends on your country, but typically most train drivers steam, diesel, and electric are trained for about 2 years before becoming fully-qualified train drivers. Not Helpful 2 Helpful 1. The engineer is in charge of driving the train.
The train conductor, who is normally associated with driving the train, is actually in charge of organizing the crew aboard the train and locimotive little to do with actual operations. Not Helpful 1 Helpful what is time now in india right now. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered.
Visit a railway museum to try this on a simulator. It doesn't go anywhere but you'll probably experience the sounds, you'll get to pull the levers and you might even get vibrations depending on how far the display goes!
Helpful 1 Not Helpful 0. Try the Nevada Northern Railway for a real experience. You can take a real driving experience of a standard-gauge, live steam locomotive for several hours on a standard-gauge mainline track.
Some preservation railways, especially in the United Kingdom, provide special supervised courses during which enthusiasts may learn how to and actually operate a live steam locomotive. Be warned what does the homebrew channel do - these are potentially expensive. This opedate be quite fun. It's just like real life. These are very basic instructions. You will not be able to run a steam engine without damaging it with only this knowledge.
Search for "Engineer Experience" for museums that allow you to run a locomotive under supervision. There are two or three in the US. These instructions are based upon average North American steam locomotive cabs.
The cabs of steam locomotives will differ based upon builder and region, such as in the United Kingdom, the reverser might be a spool and the throttle might rotate along the firebox.
Severe injury, death and litigation may result in attempting to operate an actual steam locomotive without certification. It is a violation of federal law to operate a locomotive without proper certification on public tracks, and probably can be considered a large operafe of property, and trespassing.
Please use these instructions for your imagination, or train simulators. Related wikiHows How to. How to. Co-authors: Updated: January 14, Categories: Trains Driving Vehicles. Italiano: Guidare una Locomotiva a Vapore. Thanks to all authors for creating a page operare has been read 94, times.
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Jul 20, · Steps 1. Push the reverser/Johnson bar forward - grip the very large lever that rises from near the floor in front or beside 2. Open the cylinder cocks - find a medium size valve in front of you on the boiler, or a thin lever on the floor in 3. Turn the front headlight on - above you on the %(1). May 22, · The locomotive operates on a nominal volt electrical system. The locomotive has eight 8-volt batteries, each weighing over pounds ( kg). These batteries provide the power needed to start the engine (it has a huge starter motor), as well as Author: Karim Nice. To move up to a locomotive operator position, you'll need formal training that includes classroom work, simulator training and hands-on train operation. Smaller companies might require new hires to seek outside training programs, says the BLS, but many companies provide their own training euro-caspian.com Topics: Safety procedures, operating rules, hazardous materials, history of railroad industry.
The hybrid diesel locomotive is an incredible display of power and ingenuity. It combines some great mechanical technology, including a huge, cylinder, two-stroke diesel engine , with some heavy duty electric motors and generators, throwing in a little bit of computer technology for good measure.
This ,pound ,kg locomotive is designed to tow passenger-train cars at speeds of up to miles per hour kph. The diesel engine makes 3, horsepower , and the generator can turn this into almost 4, amps of electrical current. The four drive motors use this electricity to generate over 64, pounds of thrust. There is a completely separate V engine and generator to provide electrical power for the rest of the train.
This generator is called the head-end power unit. The one on this train can make over kilowatts kW of electrical power. In this article, we'll start by learning why locomotives are built this way and why they have steel wheels. Then we'll take a look at the layout and key components. The main reason why diesel locomotives are hybrid is because this eliminates the need for a mechanical transmission , as found in cars.
Let's start by understanding why cars have transmissions. Your car needs a transmission because of the physics of the gasoline engine. First, any engine has a redline -- a maximum rpm revolutions per minute value above which the engine cannot go without exploding.
Second, if you have read How Horsepower Works , then you know that engines have a narrow rpm range where horsepower and torque are at their maximum.
For example, an engine might produce its maximum horsepower between 5, and 5, rpm. The transmission allows the gear ratio between the engine and the drive wheels to change as the car speeds up and slows down. You shift gears so that the engine can stay below the redline and near the rpm band of its best performance maximum power. The five- or six-speed transmission on most cars allows them to go mph kph or faster with an engine-speed range of to 6, rpm.
The engine on our diesel locomotive has a much smaller speed range. Its idle speed is around rpm, and its maximum speed is only rpm. With a speed range like this, a locomotive would need 20 or 30 gears to make it up to mph kph. A gearbox like this would be huge it would have to handle 3, horsepower , complicated and inefficient. It would also have to provide power to four sets of wheels, which would add to the complexity. By going with a hybrid setup, the main diesel engine can run at a constant speed, turning an electrical generator.
The generator sends electrical power to a traction motor at each axle, which powers the wheels. The traction motors can produce adequate torque at any speed, from a full stop to mph kph , without needing to change gears.
Diesel engines are more efficient than gasoline engines. A huge locomotive like this uses an average of 1. Locomotives towing hundreds of fully loaded freight cars use many times more fuel that this, so even a five or 10 percent decrease in efficiency would quickly add up to a significant increase in fuel costs.
Ever wonder why trains have steel wheels , rather than tires like a car? It's to reduce rolling friction. When your car is driving on the freeway, something like 25 percent of the engine's power is being used to push the tires down the road. Tires bend and deform a lot as they roll, which uses a lot of energy.
The amount of energy used by the tires is proportional to the weight that is on them. Since a car is relatively light, this amount of energy is acceptable you can buy low rolling-resistance tires for your car if you want to save a little gas. Since a train weighs thousands of times more than a car, the rolling resistance is a huge factor in determining how much force it takes to pull the train.
The steel wheels on the train ride on a tiny contact patch -- the contact area between each wheel and the track is about the size of a dime. By using steel wheels on a steel track, the amount of deformation is minimized, which reduces the rolling resistance. In fact, a train is about the most efficient way to move heavy goods. The downside of using steel wheels is that they don't have much traction.
In the next section, we'll discuss the interesting solution to this problem. Traction when going around turns is not an issue because train wheels have flanges that keep them on the track.
But traction when braking and accelerating is an issue. This locomotive can generate 64, pounds of thrust. But in order for it to use this thrust effectively, the eight wheels on the locomotive have to be able to apply this thrust to the track without slipping.
The locomotive uses a neat trick to increase the traction. In front of each wheel is a nozzle that uses compressed air to spray sand , which is stored in two tanks on the locomotive. The sand dramatically increases the traction of the drive wheels. The train has an electronic traction-control system that automatically starts the sand sprayers when the wheels slip or when the engineer makes an emergency stop.
The system can also reduce the power of any traction motor whose wheels are slipping. The giant two-stroke, turbocharged V and electrical generator provide the huge amount of power needed to pull heavy loads at high speeds. The engine alone weighs over 30, pounds 13, kg , and the generator weighs 17, pounds 8, kg.
We'll talk more about the engine and generator later. The cab of the locomotive rides on its own suspension system, which helps isolate the engineer from bumps. The seats have a suspension system as well. Inside the cab there are two seats: one for the engineer and one for the fireman.
The engineer has easy access to all of the locomotive's controls; the fireman has just a radio and a brake control. Also inside the car, right in the nose of the locomotive, is a toilet. The trucks are the complete assembly of two axles with wheels, traction motors, gearing, suspension and brakes. We'll discuss these components later. The head-end power unit consists of another big diesel engine, this time a four-stroke, twin-turbocharged Caterpillar V The engine itself is more powerful than the engine in almost any semi-truck.
It drives a generator that provides volt, 3-phase AC power for the rest of the train. This engine and generator provide over kW of electrical power to the rest of the train, to be used by the electric air conditioners, lights and kitchen facilities.
By using a completely separate engine and generator for these systems, the train can keep the passengers comfortable even if the main engine fails.
It also decreases the load on the main engine. This huge tank in the underbelly of the locomotive holds 2, gallons 8, L of diesel fuel. The fuel tank is compartmentalized, so if any compartment is damaged or starts to leak, pumps can remove the fuel from that compartment.
The locomotive operates on a nominal volt electrical system. The locomotive has eight 8-volt batteries , each weighing over pounds kg. These batteries provide the power needed to start the engine it has a huge starter motor , as well as to run the electronics in the locomotive.
Once the main engine is running, an alternator supplies power to the electronics and the batteries. The "" means that each cylinder in this turbocharged, two-stroke, diesel V has a displacement of cubic inches That's more than double the size of most of the biggest gasoline V-8 car engines -- and we're only talking about one of the 12 cylinders in this 3,hp engine.
So why two-stroke? Even though this engine is huge, if it operated on the four-stroke diesel cycle, like most smaller diesel engines do, it would only make about half the power. This is because with the two-stroke cycle, there are twice as many combustion events which produce the power per revolution. It turns out that the diesel two-stoke engine is really much more elegant and efficient than the two-stroke gasoline engine.
You might be thinking, if this engine is about 24 times the size of a big V-8 car engine, and uses a two-stroke instead of a four-stroke cycle, why does it only make about 10 times the power? The reason is that this engine is designed to produce 3, hp continuously, and it lasts for decades.
If you continuously ran the engine in your car at full power, you'd be lucky if it lasted a week. This giant engine is hooked up to an equally impressive generator.
It is about 6 feet 1. At peak power, this generator makes enough electricity to power a neighborhood of about 1, houses!
So where does all this power go? It goes into four, massive electric motors located in the trucks. The trucks are the heaviest things on the train -- each one weighs 37, pounds 16, kg. The trucks do several jobs.
They support the weight of the locomotive. They provide the propulsion, the suspensions and the braking. As you can imagine, they are tremendous structures.
The traction motors provide propulsion power to the wheels. There is one on each axle. Each motor drives a small gear, which meshes with a larger gear on the axle shaft. This provides the gear reduction that allows the motor to drive the train at speeds of up to mph. The trucks also provide the suspension for the locomotive.
The weight of the locomotive rests on a big, round bearing , which allows the trucks to pivot so the train can make a turn. Below the pivot is a huge leaf spring that rests on a platform.