Identify trees with our Tree ID app
How to identify trees Basic tree identification tips. The UK has at least fifty species of native trees and shrubs, and many more species of Overall appearance, size and shape. Some trees have a distinctive look that can be used to identify them, especially Leaves and needles. Leaf type. Simply select the options that match your tree and in a few short steps you'll know what you're looking at. Keys are simple tools used for identification. They work as a series of question-and-answer steps leading to an identity or name. Select the statement that best describes the tree you are looking at. Remember the image illustrates the statement, not your tree.
Everything you need um know about British trees. From identification, folklore and history to the pests and diseases that threaten them.
Our A-Z guide to British trees from native species to naturalised and widely planted non-natives. It's an A-Z tree guide in your pocket. All trees have clues and features that can help with identification. You just need to know what to look out for with our quick guide. Planting more trees is the best climate change solution.
Find out how trees identifg up carbon and how many we need to reach the UK's carbon net zero target by Learn more about the pests and diseases threatening our trees.
Find idengify how to spot them, the symptoms and outlook, and how you can help. Ancient how to make office 2003 genuine are irreplaceable. Steeped in history, these impressive trees have been standing tall for hundreds of years and are invaluable homes for wildlife.
We have single trees and tree packs to meet your needs, from wildlife to woodfuel. Delivery is free. British trees. Trees woods and wildlife A-Z of British trees Our A-Z guide isentify British trees from native species to naturalised irentify widely hw non-natives. Trees woods and wildlife How to identify trees All trees have clues and features that can help with identification. Trees woods and wildlife How to get jar file in netbeans trees fight climate change Planting more trees is the best climate change solution.
Trees woods and wildlife Tree pests and diseases Learn more about the pests and diseases threatening our trees. Trees woods and wildlife Ancient trees Ancient trees are irreplaceable. Buy trees from our shop We have single trees and tree packs to meet your needs, from wildlife to woodfuel. Shop now. Test your tree knowledge. Blog Summer tree identification: can you name these nine trees?
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How to identify British trees
Identify trees with our Tree ID app. Download our free Tree ID app for Android and iPhone to identify the UK's native and non-native trees. It's an A-Z tree guide in your pocket. Trees woods and wildlife. Identify trees with our Tree ID app. Use our free Tree ID app for Android and iPhone to identify the UK's native and non-native trees. It's an A-Z tree guide in your pocket. In just a few steps you can identify native and common non-native trees in the UK whatever the season using leaves, bark, twigs, buds, flowers or fruit. Watch the film to see how it works. Tree Identification Keys - Tree Guide UK Broadleaf or Conifers. TREE IDENTIFICATION KEYS – Learn to identify trees at any time of the year using Key characteristics such as leaf shape, buds, catkins, white flowers etc. There are 15 keys to choose from. Decide which key you are interested in and either click on the Quick Access list of keys in red or scroll down to the icons and click on the button below the key icon.
All trees have clues and features that can help with identification. You just need to know what to look out for. This quick guide to tree identification will give you a few basic hints and tips. Learn how to identify trees with our top tips on what to look out for. The UK has at least fifty species of native trees and shrubs, and many more species of introduced non-native trees. Some trees have a distinctive look that can be used to identify them, especially from a distance.
Compare a silver birch, with its narrow shape and light and airy crown, to the broadly spreading crown of an oak. Overall shape is also useful when identifying conifers. Look for signs of management which can affect the shape. Trees like hazel, hornbeam, beech and willow may have been coppiced or pollarded which can create a tree with many stems, rather than a tall, single trunk.
The location of a tree affects its appearance and shape. Trees in woodland often have narrower crowns compared to trees in parks with lots of space around them. The distinctive branches of ash trees curve down towards the ground, then turn upwards at the tips. Some species, like hornbeam, may be cut at the base known as coppicing which produces a tree with several stems rather than a single trunk. L ook at the bark all the way up the tree as it can vary between the base and the crown.
The bark of ash is pale brown to grey, with fissures as the tree matures. Cherry bark is a deep reddish-brown colour with prominent horizontal lines. The white bark of silver birch sheds in layers like tissue paper and becomes black and rugged at the base.
The silvery-brown bark of sessile oak becomes rugged and deeply fissured with age. The bark of apple trees is typically grey in colour with bumps, scales or ridges. Leaf type, shape, appearance, texture and colour are all key characteristics when identifying trees. They are also often the most obvious feature, particularly in spring and summer. The needles and scales of conifers are also considered types of leaves.
The leaves of broadleaved trees fall into two basic types - simple and compound. Leaves are whole and are not divided right to the central leaf vein, such as apple or birch. The edges of some simple leaves can be indented or lobed, such as sycamore, field maple and hawthorn, so take care not to mistake these for compound leaves. Lime leaves are a simple and heart-shaped leaf with a pointed tip. Pinnate are feather-shaped where leaflets are attached in pairs along the central vein such as rowan, ash and elder.
These are palm-shaped, like the outstretched fingers of a hand. Horse chestnut has palmately compound leaves. Be careful not to mistake Acer species such as sycamore and field maple as having palmately compound leaves - they are actually simple with a lobed margin.
In autumn, some species have leaves that turn spectacular autumn colours. Guelder rose and field maple often turn a vivid orange or red. Trees that are closely related often share similar features. All elm species have unequal leaf bases - take a look at the bottom of the leaf where it meets the leaf stem known as a petiole..
The leaves of downy birch are triangular deltoid. Other birches, like silver birch, also have leaves that are this shape. Several willows, like this white willow, have long, thin lanceolate leaves. Look out for leaf edges that are lobed like this hawthorn. Oaks, sycamore and maples also have lobed leaves.
The leaf edges of beech are wavy. This is one way to tell the difference between beech and hornbeam which have serrated leaf edges. If the foliage on the tree is needles or scales then you are probably looking at a conifer. These include trees in the pine, fir, cypress, larch and spruce families. Most conifer trees have needles or scales present all year that can be used for identification. One of the few exceptions is European larch which loses its needles in winter.
Pines, spruces, firs, cedars and larches have needles. They can be different shapes, sizes and be arranged differently on twigs. Flattened needles could mean a yew or whorls of three needles juniper. Species of the cypress family have scales. These are flattened and shield-shaped that overlap on the twig. Leaves and needles are often the most useful clues for identifying trees.
Look closely at the type, shape, edges and arrangement of them. Many trees only bloom at a particular time during the year but if you can see flowers, usually in the spring, it can be another helpful to help with tree identification. Broadleaf trees have flowers that contain the reproductive organs, and most conifers have cones for reproduction. Here are some basic types. What time of year is the tree flowering?
Blackthorn blooms in late winter, before the leaves have come out. But hawthorn flowers much later on in May, once its leaves are out. Ash flowers are by no means showy, but they are an unmistakable deep purple colour. The flowers appear before the leaves have emerged. Bird cherry flowers are clustered together in spikes known as racemes at the ends of the shoots.
Male and female flowers can look very different. The make flowers of hazel hang in long catkins, but the female flowers are tiny with their shocking pink stigmas peeping out of the top like tiny sea anemones. Cherry plum tends to flower very early - before the winter is out. Its flowers grow singly, rather than in clusters.
Another early flowering tree. Blackthorn blossom appears in late winter or early spring, long before its leaves unfold. Its frothy white blooms stand out against the wintry hedgerow.
Male alder catkins are long and dark green whereas female catkins are small and egg-shaped. These female catkins will eventually develop into the woody 'cones' that holds the seeds. At the right time of year fruits and seeds are a great character to help with identification. They vary in shape, appearance and size from hard nuts to soft berries.
Look at the colour and feel the texture of the outer surface of the fruit. Is it smooth, hairy, prickly, rough or papery, soft, hard or dry? Consider opening fruits up to reveal the seeds inside, which can also be a useful identifying feature. Take note of whether fruits or seeds appear singly, such as crab apples, or in groups like the umbrella-like clusters of elderberries. The fruit types of broadleaf trees vary greatly and include samaras, nuts, catkins, berries, stone fruits, apples or pears, capsules and cones.
Samaras are papery, winged fruits. Their 'wings' can be in pairs field maple and sycamore or single hornbeam, ash. Nuts are usually dry and woody. Some are unmistakeable such as the shiny brown sweet chestnuts. Catkins are long and dangly and becoming fluffy masses of seeds in summer willows and birches. Berries are soft and juicy fruits often containing several seeds elder and guelder rose.
Stone fruits have a fleshy exterior and a single stone inside plums, cherries and sloes. Apples or pears are larger fleshy fruits with many seeds inside crab apple, Plymouth pear.
Capsules are seeds contained within capsules of varying shapes and colours like the bright pink capsules of spindle which split open to reveal bright orange seeds. Cones - alder has fruits that look like dry, woody cones that remain on the tree all year.
Out of season you can look around the base of the tree to find old fruits or seeds that may help. But bear in mind they may have come from a neighbouring tree. Cones are formed of scales which overlap one another for example in pines or larches or are fused together such as those of the cypresses. Cones can vary in appearance and can also be highly modified.
Look at the different shapes and sizes from elongated and cylindrical to oval and round. Buds are usually on twigs throughout winter. When they are at the end of the twig they are called terminal buds and are often the largest buds. Those growing along the twig are lateral buds and these can have one of three main arrangements. Alternate buds are arranged in turn on opposite sides of the stem rowan, hawthorn, hazel, elms and limes.
Opposite buds are in pairs placed directly either side of the stem ash, dogwood, spindle, sycamore and Norway maple. Spiral buds whorl alternately around the stem oaks, aspen and blackthorn.